What ingredients are used to make a battery? What chemical/ingredient used to make a battery work?

Question by Freestar: What ingredients are used to make a battery? What chemical/ingredient used to make a battery work?
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Best answer:

Answer by LuckyChucky
Acid, distilled water and lead.

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One Response to “What ingredients are used to make a battery? What chemical/ingredient used to make a battery work?”

  1. Whn_I_was_in_School says:

    ————–Disposable:—————–
    * Zinc-carbon battery – mid cost – used in light drain applications
    * Zinc-chloride battery – similar to zinc carbon but slightly longer life
    * Alkaline battery – alkaline/manganese “long life” batteries widely used in both light drain and heavy drain applications
    * Silver-oxide battery – commonly used in hearing aids
    * Lithium battery – commonly used in digital cameras. Sometimes used in watches and computer clocks. Very long life (up to ten years in wristwatches) and capable of delivering high currents but expensive
    * Mercury battery – commonly used in digital watches
    * Zinc-air battery – commonly used in hearing aids
    * Thermal battery – high temperature reserve. Almost exclusively military applications.
    * Water-activated battery – used for radiosondes and emergency applications

    ————-Rechargeable:————
    Also known as secondary batteries or accumulators.

    * Lead-acid battery – commonly used in vehicles, alarm systems and uninterruptible power supplies. Used to be used as an “A” or “wet” battery in valve/vacuum tube radio sets. The major advantage of this chemistry is its low cost – a large battery (e.g. 70Ah) is relatively cheap when compared to other chemistries. However, this battery chemistry has lower energy density than other battery chemistries available today (see below)
    o Absorbed glass mat
    o Gel battery
    * Lithium ion battery – a relatively modern battery chemistry that offers a very high charge density (i.e. a light battery will store a lot of energy) and which does not suffer from any “memory effect” whatsoever. Used in laptops (notebook PCs), modern camera phones, some rechargeable MP3 players and most other portable rechargeable digital equipment.
    * Lithium ion polymer battery – similar characteristics to lithium-ion, but with slightly less charge density. This battery chemistry can be used for any battery to suit the manufacturer’s needs, such as ultra-thin (1 mm thick) cells for the latest PDAs
    * NaS battery
    * Nickel-iron battery
    * Nickel metal hydride battery
    * Nickel-cadmium battery – used in many domestic applications but being superseded by Li-Ion and Ni-MH types. This chemistry gives the longest cycle life (over 1500 cycles), but has low energy density compared to some of the other chemistries. Ni-Cd cells using older technology suffer from memory effect, but this has been reduced drastically in modern batteries.
    * Nickel-zinc battery
    * Molten salt battery

    It is a vast subject. Search on the net.


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