Q&A: Are there different types of amphetamines?

Question by Sharon Arce: Are there different types of amphetamines?
I’ve heard people talking about Amphetamines. And they have mentioned there are different types of them. Is that true or no? If yes, what different types of them are there? What are the different types of effects?
SORRY IM A VERY CURIOUS PERSON LOL

Best answer:

Answer by Mathieu
There are several different amphetamines:

dextroamphetamine- this is sold as a prescription medication under several brands most commonly Dexedrine and Dexedrine Spansules and also ProCentra and DextroStat. When made and used on the street dextroamphetamine is actually what “speed” is and it, alone or in combination, is the most widely used prescription amphetamine. Medically this is approved to treat ADHD and narcolepsy although it is often used off-label to treat severe treat resistant depression, primary hypersomnia, fatigue due to MS, HIV/AIDS, cancer, to reduce opioid side effects, to increase analgesic effects of opioids in people with severe intractable pain, for weight loss (although that not very common), and other neuropsychiatric conditions. [dextroamphetamine may also be written, depending on the county dexamphetamine or dexamfetamine]

levoamphetamine (amphetamine)- not available by prescription alone. Levoamphetamine is much less potent than dextroamphetamine.

Mixed Salts of a Single Entity Amphetamine Product- a combination of dextroamphetamine and levoamphetamine, each in several different forms: dextroamphetamine saccharate, amphetamine aspartate, dextroamphetamine sulfate and, amphetamine sulfate. This is the prescription medication Adderall and Adderall XR. It is 75% dextroamphetamine and 25% levoamphetamine. Medically this is approved to treat ADHD and narcolepsy although it is often used off-label to treat severe treat resistant depression, primary hypersomnia, fatigue due to MS, HIV/AIDS, cancer, to reduce opioid side effects, to increase analgesic effects of opioids in people with severe intractable pain, and other neuropsychiatric conditions.

methamphetamine- sold as a prescription medication, contrary to commonly belief, under the brand name Desoxyn. However prescription methamphetamine is rarely used partly because many physicians are unaware of it and it has a significant stigma. Methamphetamine is the most widely produced amphetamine illicitly, it is also the most potent amphetamine. Medically this is approved to treat ADHD and exogenous obesity however its use in narcolepsy is well accepted. It may also be used for any of the other conditions I have listed although it would be an unlikely choice.

lisdexamfetamine- this is sold as a prescription medication under the brand name Vyvanse. For all intents and purposes Vyvanse is dextroamphetamine however Vyvanse (which is an inactive substance) must first be metabolised at which time lisdexamfetamine breaks down into dextroamphetamine. Medically this is only approved to treat ADHD. Since it is fairly new it has not been used off-label as other medications however it could be used for some of the conditions I have listed.

MDMA (3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine) better known as ecstasy- not available for medical use. Has both stimulating and hallucinogenic effects.

Other substances that are substituted amphetamines (ie they are chemically related to amphetamine and are in the same class) include ephedrine, cathinone, methcathinone, tenamfetamine, and many more.

Classic amphetamines (dextroamphetamine, levoamphetamine, methamphetamine) can cause increased heart rate, blood pressure, can increase concentration, increase wakefulness, agitation, anxiety, paranoia, euphoria, headache, any many other effects. When used medically side effects are typically mild and medication is well tolerated.

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